Foreign Interventions in Revolutionary Russia

Foreign Interventions in Revolutionary Russia

All over Europe, the First World War had brought about a potentially revolutionary situation as early as 1917. In countries where the authorities continued to represent the traditional elite, exactly as had been the case in 1914, they aimed to ...

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November 1918: Red Revolution in Strasbourg

November 1918: Red Revolution in Strasbourg

In the context of the revolution that erupted in Germany as the country suffered defeat in November 1918, a revolutionary situation also arose in Strasbourg, capital of Alsace, a province that still belonged to the Reich at that time. Inspired ...

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Not Saving Private Ryan: The Murderous Finale of the Great War. November 11, 1918, One Hundred Years Ago

Not Saving Private Ryan: The Murderous Finale of the Great War. November 11, 1918, One Hundred Years Ago

An excerpt from Jacques R. Pauwels, The Great Class War 1914-1918, James Lorimer, Toronto, 2016 [Fall 1918, after the failure of the German final offensive:] The majority of the German soldiers on the western front realized that the war was ...

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1918: How the Allies Surfed to Victory on a Wave of Oil

1918: How the Allies Surfed to Victory on a Wave of Oil

Virtually everybody knows that the First World War came to an end when Germany capitulated on November 11, 1918. But very few people are aware that, earlier in that same year, the Reich came tantalizingly close to winning the so-called ...

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Dinner with Marx in the House of the Swan

When Jacques Pauwels enters a bistro in Brussels’ Grand-Place, he finds himself under the watchful eye of an illustrious former patron – Karl Marx. As he dines, a great number of stories cross his mind. The historian, author of ‘The ...

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75 Years Ago, the Battle of Stalingrad

75 Years Ago, the Battle of Stalingrad

To win the war planned by Hitler, Germany, a highly industrialized country but lacking colonies and therefore woefully short of strategic raw materials, had to win it fast, before Germany’s stockpiles of petroleum ran out. These reserves, much of which ...

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France’s Passage from the German to the American Era: A brief review of five books by French historian Annie Lacroix-Riz

rance’s Passage from the German to the American Era. A brief review of five books by French historian Annie Lacroix-Riz: Lacroix-Riz, Annie. Le choix de la Défaite: Les élites françaises dans les années 1930. Paris: Armand Colin, 2006. 671 pp. ...

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World War I: “Flander’s Fields,” 1915-2015: Whence the Poppies?

The enthusiasm for war in the summer of 1914 was never as great or as widespread as we have been conditioned to believe. By early 1915, after six months of massacres and with no end in sight, soldiers and civilians ...

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