Born in Ghent, Belgium, in 1946, but resident of Canada since 1969.
Studies and degrees:
- Licenciate History, State University of Ghent, Belgium, 1969;
- PhD History, York University, 1976;
- MA Political Science, University of Toronto, 1984;
- PhD Political Science, University of Toronto, 1995.
- Lectured at various Ontario universities, including U of T, Waterloo, Guelph.